Simple editing is one of the major benefits of using a wiki. Users can edit pages without knowing HTML, and still use many formatting features of HTML. Most wikis define a set of formatting rules to convert plain text into HTML. Some wikis (like this one) also allow some HTML "tags", like <b>, <i>, and <pre> within a page. (Some wikis use raw HTML instead of special formatting rules.)

The following text is an overview of the UseModWiki text formatting rules. For examples without all the explanatory text, see the TextFormattingExamples?. To try these rules for yourself, please feel free to edit the SandBox page. To see how any page is formatted, just follow the link "Edit text of this page" at the bottom of the page.

Basic Text Formatting:

Most text does not require any special changes for wiki form. A few basic rules are:

Page, URL, Image, and InterWiki? Links:

You can link to a page by removing the spaces between two or more words, and starting each word with a capital letter. For instance, WikiName? and TextFormattingExamples? are samples of page links.

Non-existing pages, like SampleUndefinedPage?, will be displayed with a question-mark for a link. The question mark link indicates the page doesn't exist yet--follow the link to create and edit the page. [The sample page used here is a special example page--you can't define it.]

Inline image:

Inline link:

InterWiki? link: UseMod?:InterWiki?

You can separate links from adjacent text with spaces or the special "" (two double-quotes) delimiter. The "" delimiter is not displayed--it is useful for cases like plural forms of page links (such as UseModWikis). In nearly all cases trailing punctuation is ignored, so you can safely make links like, without the trailing comma being part of the link.

Bold, Italic and Fixed-width Text:

To mark text as bold, italic or fixed-width, you can use the HTML <b>, <i> and code tags. For example:

Sample <b>bold</b>, <i>italic</i>, and <b><i>bold+italic</i></b>.
Sample <code>fixed-width</code>.

looks like:

Sample bold, italic, and bold+italic. Sample fixed-width.

Note that UseModWiki (like most Wikis) processes pages line-by-line, so if you want three bold lines of text, you will need to use three separate <b>...</b> tags. Also note that unclosed or unmatched tags are not removed from the page.

UseModWiki also implements the old "quote style" of text formatting, which is used on several wikis. Briefly:

''Two single quotes are italics'',
'''three single quotes are bold''',
'''''five single quotes are bold and italic.'''''

looks like:

Two single quotes are italics, three single quotes are bold, five single quotes are bold and italic.

The "quote style" formatting is often confusing, especially when multiple bold and italic sections are mixed on a line. It may eventually be removed from UseModWiki.


Headings are delimited by 1-6 equal signs (=). They basically correspond to HTML's <h1> through <h6> tags.

= Headline size 1 =

== Headline size 2 ==

=== Headline size 3 ===

==== Headline size 4 ====

===== Headline size 5 =====
====== Headline size 6 ======


Simple lists:

* Text for a bulleted list item.
** Text for second-level list.
*** Text for third level, etc.

...which looks like:

Numbered lists:

# Text for a numbered list item.
## Text for second-level list.
### Text for third level, etc.

...which looks like:

  1. Text for a numbered list item.
    1. Text for second-level list.
      1. Text for third level, etc.

Indented Text:

Simple indented text:

: Text to be indented (quote-block)
:: Text indented more
::: Text indented to third level

...which looks like:

Text to be indented (quote-block)
Text indented more
Text indented to third level

Term with indented definition: [without a blank line between term and definition]

;Term:Definition (indented)
;;Term (indented):Definition (indented two levels)
;;;Term (indented twice):Definition (indented to third level)

...which looks like:

Definition (indented)
Term (indented)
Definition (indented two levels)
Term (indented twice)
Definition (indented to third level)

Preformatted Text

Individual lines can be displayed as preformatted (fixed-width or "typewriter"-font) text by placing one or more spaces at the start of the line. Other wiki formatting (like links) will be applied to this kind of preformatted text.

Additionally, multi-line sections can be marked as pre-formatted text using lines starting with <pre> (to start pre-formatted text), and </pre> (to end preformatted text). The <pre> and </pre> tags are not displayed. Wiki links and other formatting is not done within a preformatted section. (If you want wiki formatting, use spaces at the start of the line instead of the <pre> and </pre> tags.)

For instance:

Pre-formatted section here.  No other link
  or format processing
is done on pre-formatted sections.
For instance, UseModWiki is not a link here.


   This is the starting-spaces version of
   preformatted text.  Note that links like
   UseModWiki still work.

Miscellaneous rules:

Text Formatting Bugs

Why is there no way to make one line follow another without making it a separate paragraph and without making it part of a list? (What in HTML you'd do with a <br> tag.)

Also, is there any way to make nested lists of different types? For instance:

  1. Top level
  1. This should be numbered 2, but the numbering starts again at 1