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The god Heh seated and holding a was scepter

Heh and Hauhet, Deities of Infinity and Eternity

by Caroline Seawright

Updated: December 13, 2012

 

The Egyptians believed that before the world was formed, there was a watery mass of dark, directionless chaos. In this chaos lived the Ogdoad of Khmunu (Hermopolis), four frog gods and four snake goddesses of chaos. These deities were Nun and Naunet (water), Amen and Amaunet (invisibility), Heh and Hauhet (infinity) and Kek and Kauket (darkness). The water stretched infinitely off in all directions, as ever lasting as time itself. Heh and Hauhet came to symbolise infinity. After the Egyptians believed that time began, Heh and Hauhet came to symbolise limitless time, and long life.

Heh

hhmillion determinative

Heh seated on the symbol for gold and holding two palm fronts and the ankh sign of life The frog or human headed god Heh (Huh, Hehu) was one of the original eight gods of the Ogdoad of Khmunu (Hermopolis). He was the god of infinity and time, the god of long life and eternity. In his hand he is shown holding one or two palm fronds of 'A Million Years' in his hands, the Egyptian sign of long life. Sometimes he was shown wearing a palm frond on his head, as a headdress.

The centre of the frieze is decorated with a representation of Heh, god of eternity surmounted by a solar disk flanked by two urcei, holding in one hand, palm branches whose ends comprise a solar disk and a snake, and with the ankh sign passing over the other arm. The god Heh is kneeling on the nub hieroglyph meaning (gold). The correlation of these signs together, guarantees the king the hope of a long and prosperous life.

-- Mey Zaki (2008), The Legacy of Tutankhamen Art and History: History and Art, p. 102

As a god of infinity, his name was linked to numbers. His determinative - an image of Heh with his arms raised million determinative - was used for 'one million'. It seems that 'million' was a number for eternity - the 'Barque of a Million Years' was the name of the boat that the sun god Ra travelled in during the day, which the Egyptians believed would happen until the end of time, when chaos took over the land once more. Heh as depicted on the pectoral of Sithathoryunet

Image © The Metropolitan Museum of Art

This centerpiece of a princess' necklace is composed around the throne name of King Senwosret II. It was found among the jewelry of Princess Sithathoryunet (sit-hathor-you-net) in a special niche of her underground tomb beside the pyramid of Senwosret II at Lahun. Hieroglyphic signs... might be read as a text saying, "The god of the rising sun grants life and dominion over all that the sun encircles for one million one hundred thousand years [i.e., eternity] to King Khakheperre [Senwosret II]."

... The cartouche rests on the bent tops of palm fronds (signs for "year") that are held by a kneeling Heh, god of eternity and sign for "one million." A tadpole (sign for "one hundred thousand") dangles from the god's right elbow.

-- Edith Watts & Barry Girsh (1998), Art of Ancient Egypt: A Resource for Educators, p. 91

As well as being a god of time and infinity, he was also an air god. Identified with Shu, Heh was a god of the wind who was linked to the four pillars that held up the sky. Like Shu, he was sometimes shown with his arms raised to help hold up the sky. Colour image of Heh from the tomb of Merenptah

Image © Francis Dzikowski

O you eight chaos gods, keepers of the chambers of the sky, whom Shu made from the efflux of his limbs, who bound together the ladder of Atum...The bnbn [phoenix] of Ra was that from which Atum came to be as Heh... I am the one who begot the chaos gods again, as Heh, Nun, Amen, Kek. I am Shu who begot the gods.

-- Coffin Text, Spell 76

Heh was also eight different gods - like Hathor and the seven Hathors - who were believed to support the great celestial cow in the heavens. He, like Nun, was also believed to hold up the solar barque of Ra, and to life it up into the sky at the end of its voyage through the land of the dead.

Some believe that Heh was a representation of fire at one point, though it seemed that he was regarded as representing different things over time. While being a god of fire, he was shown as a snake headed god. Hauhet, as a goddess personifying fire, was shown with the head of a cat.

The Eight Heh Gods and Heh, Lifting Up Nut as the Heavenly Cow, from the Tomb of Seti I

Hauhet

The goddess Hauhet seated and holding a was scepter hhmillion determinativet egg determinative

The feminine of the god Heh, Hauhet (Hehet, Hehit, Hehut) was a much more obscure goddess than her husband. She was a snake-headed woman who ruled over infinity with her husband. He name was the same as her husband's, except with a feminine ending.

Heh and Hauhet are rather difficult ideas to grasp, perhaps active and passive infinity would be a good expression. This infinity is mostly conceived in relation to time, and is consequently equivalent to, and often described by the Greek Aion; as infinity of form it resembles Eros ... The first act of a creation is the formation of an egg, which rises upon the hands of Heh and Hauhet out of the proto-matter. Out of the egg arises the god of light, Ra, the immediate cause of life in this world.

-- The Catholic Encyclopedia, Cosmogony

Hauhet was the feminine to Heh's masculine, more of a representation of duality than an actual goddess, so she was even less of a deity than Heh, and more of an abstract.


Further Information about Heh and Hauhet


Video of Heh

A video with images of Heh (and other deities), by Egyptahotep:


© Caroline 'Kunoichi' Seawright 2002 - present

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